Mirage 2000 multi-role combat fighter

Mirage 2000 is a multi-role combat fighter from Dassault Aviation of France. It has been operational with the French Air Force since 1984, and has been selected by Abu Dhabi, Egypt, Greece, India, Peru, Qatar, Taiwan and the United Arab Emirates.

Mirage 2000 fighters have been involved in a few conflicts including Gulf War, Yugoslavia conflicts and Libyan conflict.

Find out more: Mirage 2000 Fighter Cutaway View

Mirage 2000 fighters in operation with the French Air Force are: Mirage 2000C/B single seater and two seater for air defence; Mirage 2000N, two seater, designed for all weather nuclear penetration at low altitude and very high speed; Mirage 2000D, an upgraded version of the Mirage 2000N, for automated bombing using conventional and laser guided munitions; and Mirage 2000-5, incorporating advanced avionics, new multiple target air-to-ground and air-to-air firing procedures using the RDY radar and new sensor and control systems.

  Related Aircraft:
Chinese J15, Chinese J20,
F-35 JSF, F/A-18E/F, EA-18G

Orders for 110 Mirage 2000-5 have been placed by the air forces of France (37, with 20 delivered), Taiwan (60 aircraft), Qatar (12) and Greece. Greece is acquiring 15 Mirage 2000-5 Mk 2 and upgrading ten of its Mirage 2000 to the same standard. The first entered service in September 2004. The United Arab Emirates have ordered 32 2000-9 aircraft, a customised version of the 2000-5. First deliveries were in June 2003. India has ordered ten Mirage 2000D and is also to purchase the 12 2000-5 fighters of Qatar.

Mirage 2000 Fighter - France

Dassault has received a contract to upgrade the French Air Force's Mirage 2000N to K3 standard. The K3 upgrade includes the operation of the MBDA ASMPA nuclear standoff missile and a new Thales Optronics Reco NG reconnaissance pod.

Mirage 2000-5 is available as a single-seater or two-seater multi-role fighter. The aircraft has hands-on throttle and stick (HOTAS) control. Mirage 2000-5 incorporates the Thales VEH 3020 head-up display and five cathode ray tube multifunction advanced pilot systems interface (APSI) displays. The combined head-up/head-level display is collimated at infinity, and presents data relating to flight control, navigation, target engagement and weapon firing. Sensor and system management data is presented on two coloured lateral displays.

Mirage 2000 has nine hardpoints for carrying weapon system payloads: five on the fuselage and two on each wing. The single-seat version is also armed with two internally mounted, high-firing-rate 30mm guns.

Air-to-air weapons include the MICA multi-target air-to-air intercept and combat missiles, and the Magic 2 combat missiles, both from MBDA (formed out of a merger between Matra BAe Dynamics, EADS Aerospatiale and Alenia Marconi Systems). The aircraft can carry four MICA missiles, two Magic missiles and three drop tanks simultaneously. The Mirage 2000-5 can fire the MBDA Super 530D missile or the MBDA Sky Flash air-to-air missile as an alternative to the MICA missile.

Mirage 2000 is also equipped to carry a range of air-to-surface missiles and weapons including laser-guided bombs. These include the MBDA BGL 1000 laser-guided bomb, MBDA AS30L, MBDA Armat anti-radar missile, MBDA AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile, MBDA rocket launchers, MBDA Apache stand-off weapon, and the stealthy cruise missile, SCALP. The Mirage 2000-9 aircraft ordered by the United Arab Emirates carries the Black Shahine missile being developed by MBDA. The MBDA Storm Shadow/Scalp EG stand-off cruise missile will arm French AF Mirage 2000D, Greek Mirage 2000-5 and UAE Mirage 2000-9 aircraft. Storm Shadow was first deployed on UK RAF Tornado aircraft during Operation Iraqi Freedom in March 2003. Scalp EG entered service on French AF Mirage 2000D in December 2003.

MBDA has been awarded a contract in October 2003 to integrate the ASMPA medium-range air-to-ground missile on the French Air Force's new Mirage 2000NK3 aircraft. ASMPA has a tactical nuclear warhead and will replace the ASMP missile in service on the Mirage 2000N since 1988.

In the French Air Force, Mirage 2000 fighters in operation are: Mirage 2000C/B single seater and two seater for air defence; Mirage 2000N, two seater, designed for all weather nuclear penetration at low altitude and very high speed; and Mirage 2000D, which is an upgraded version of the Mirage 2000N, for automated bombing using conventional and laser guided munitions; E type for multi purpose exporting version; R for single seat day/night eaporting version. The total production is about 544 till end of 1995.

Mirage 2000 has an upgraded digital Weapon Delivery and Navigation System, WDNS. The aircraft can be fitted with a TV/CT CLDP laser designation pod from Thales Optronique, which provides the capability to fire laser-guided weapons by day and night. The 2000-5 Mk 2 will have the Damocles laser designation pod with thermal imaging camera, also from Thales Optronique.

Mirage 2000-5 is equipped with a multi-mode Thales RDY doppler radar which provides multi-targeting capability in the air defence role and the radar also has look down/shoot down mode of operation. The radar can simultaneously detect up to 24 targets and carry out track while scan on the eight highest priority threats.

2000E座舱

Mirage 2000E

The aircraft is equipped with a self-protection suite installed internally. Mirage 2000-5 carries the ICMS Mark 2 automated integrated countermeasures system from Thales. ICMS Mark 2 incorporates a receiver and associated signal processing system in the nose section for the detection of missile command data links. The system can be interfaced to a new programmable mission planning and a post-mission analysis ground system.

Mirage 2000 adopts the non-tail delta wing desigh from Mirage Ⅲ. The advantage of this layout is that the aircraft will face lower super sonic air resistance, better wing firmness, lower structure weight, lighter shaking level and more place for internal fuel tanks. The disadvantage is that non-tail delta wing represents poorly in low speed situation, such as takeoff, landing or low height air-to-ground attack. This causes this kind of aircrafts require longer runway as well as not suitable for air-to-ground close shutoff mission. Another serious problem of non-tail delta wing is that it`s not adapt to be used on aircraft carriers because the length of the runway on carriers is limited. So France Navy carrier uses F-8 Crusader fighters designed in early 60s` from US, the preexistence of A-7 Pirate, for many years without a new high tech fighter superseded.

The latest variations of the Mirage 2000 family are Mirage 2000-5 & Mirage 2000-9, and incorporates advanced avionics, new multiple target air-to-ground and air-to-air firing procedures using the RDY radar and new sensor and control systems. Mirage 2000-5 is available as a single-seater or two seater multi-role fighter. Orders for 110 Mirage 2000-5 have been placed by the air forces of France (37, with 20 delivered), Taiwan (60 aircraft), Qatar (12) and Greece. Greece is to acquire 15 Mirage 2000-5 Mk 2 and to upgrade 10 of its Mirage 2000 to the same standard. The United Arab Emirates have ordered 30 2000-9 aircraft, a customised version of the 2000-5. India has ordered 18 Mirage 2000D.

The aircraft has HOTAS hands on throttle and stick control. Mirage 2000-5 incorporates Thomson-CSF VEH 3020 Head Up Display and five cathode ray tube multifunction Advanced Pilot Systems Interface (APSI) displays. The combined head up/head level display is collimated at infinity and presents data relating to flight control, navigation, target engagement and weapon firing. Sensor and system management data is presented on two coloured lateral displays. The cockpit display system of Mirage 2000-5 is from the Rafale fighter program.

Nine hardpoints are on the Mirage2000 for carrying weapon system payloads, five on the fuselage and two on each wing. The single seat version is also armed with two internally mounted high firing rate 30 mm guns from DEFA company.

Air-to-air weapons of Mirage2000 include the MICA multi-target air-to-air intercept and combat missiles and the Magic 2 combat missiles, both from Matra BAe Dynamics (France). The aircraft can carry four MICA missiles, two Magic missiles and three drop tanks simultaneously. The Mirage 2000-5 can fire the Super 530D missile from Matra BAe Dynamics (France) or the Sky Flash air-to-air missile from Matra BAe Dynamics (UK) as an alternative to the MICA missile.

Mirage 2000 can carry a range of air-to-surface missiles and weapons, such as laser-guided bombs. These include Matra BAe Dynamics BGL 1000 laser guided bomb, EADS (formerly Aerospatiale) AS30L, Matra BAe Dynamics Armat anti-radar missile, EADS AM39 Exocet antiship missile, Matra BAe Dynamics rocket launchers, Matra BAe Dynamics Apache stand-off weapon, and the stealthy cruise missile, SCALP. The Mirage 2000-D can carry Storm Shadow stealthy missle. The Mirage 2000-9 aircraft ordered by the United Arab Emirates will carry the Black Shahine missile being developed by Matra BAe Dynamics.

An upgraded digital Weapon Delivery and Navigation System, WDNS, is installed in Mirage 2000. The aircraft can be fitted with a TV/CT CLDP laser designation pod from Thomson-CSF Optronique, which provides the capability to fire laser-guided weapons by day and night. The 2000-5 Mk 2 will have the Damocles pod with thermal imaging camera, also from Thomson-CSF Optronique.

Equipped with a multi-mode Thomson-CSF RDY doppler radar, Mirage 2000 has multi-targeting capability in the air defence role and the radar also has look down/shoot down mode of operation. The radar can simultaneously detect up to 24 targets and carry out track while scan on the eight highest priority threats.

The aircraft is equipped with a self-protection suite installed internally. Mirage 2000-5 carries the ICMS Mark 2 automated integrated countermeasures system from Thomson-CSF Detexis. ICMS Mark 2 incorporates a receiver and associated signal processing system in the nose section for the detection of missile command data links. The system can be interfaced to a new programmable mission planning and a post-mission analysis ground system.

Mirage 2000 uses a SNECMA M53-P2 turbofan engine which provides 64 kN thrust and 98 kN with afterburn. The air intakes are fitted with an adjustable half-cone shaped centrebody which provides an inclined shock of air pressure for highly efficient air input. The power plant is widly regarded as the greatest disadvantage of Mirage 2000, compared to the same age prodution of USA & Russia, such as F101 & AL-31F. And the single engine design limits the future development of Mirage 2000.

Mirage 2000-9`s combat ability is more comprehensive and effective. Since there are only two hardpoints under each wing of Mirage 2000-5 for carrying both weapon and fuel tank, you can`t expect keeping long voyage while carrying more weapons. But Mirage 2000-9 is equiped with a special fuselage hardpoiont, which can carry two 500lb laser guided bomb simultaneity. This is all owe to the specially designed wing of the new type laser bomb which cut down the cubage. It makes the Mirage 2000-9 can carry two laser guided bombs, two fuel tanks and six air-to-air missle together. The new fuselage hardpoint can carry APACHE stealthy missle, too, which presents in the photo.

When fighting with airplanes, Mirage 2000-9 can use MICA missles. The RDY radar on this aircraft improves the capability of air-to-ground missions, especially multiple target anti ship mission. The RDY radar can attack two ships on different diretion by AM39 missles at the same time. Because of carrying more weapons and fuels, the maxium takeoff weight of Mirage 2000-9 increases to 17,500kg from 16,500kg of the previous variation.

Mirage 2000 is equipped with an SNECMA M53-P2 turbofan engine, which provides 64kN thrust and 98kN with afterburn. The air intakes are fitted with an adjustable half-cone-shaped centre body, which provides an inclined shock of air pressure for highly efficient air input.

3 view of Mirage2000D

Click to view cutaway view of Mirage2000

The variation of Mirage 2000: Mirage 4000, Mirage 4000 is equiped with 2 engines and the size of all parts are much larger than Mirage 2000. Dassault develop Mirage 4000 all by itself and expect that it can gain some orders from foreign countries, but there`s none until now.

Related airplanes:

A10 warthog

Su25

Super Etendard

Previous:Mig-31 Next:Tornado