AMX Striker Italy/Brasil
In 1977, the Italian Air Force issued a requirement for a strike fighter to replace its Aeritalia G.91 and some of its F-104 Starfighters.
Rather than competing for the contract, Aeritalia (now Alenia Aeronautica) and Aermacchi agreed to make a joint proposal, as both firms had been considering the development of a similar class of aircraft for some years. Aermacchi, for example, had worked on a design study for a light ground attack aircraft, designated MB-340, in the early 1970s.
Development work began in April 1978.
Alenia Aeronautica, a Finmeccanica subsidiary, is a European aerospace company from Italy. Its subsidiaries include Alenia Aermacchi and Alenia Aeronavali. In an equal-share joint venture with EADS, Alenia Aeronautica owns ATR.
In July 1981, the Italian and Brazilian governments agreed on joint requirements for the aircraft, and Embraer was invited to join the partnership.1
The first prototype flew on 15 May 1984. Although it was lost on its fifth flight (killing its pilot),2 the test programme progressed reasonably smoothly otherwise. Production started by mid-1986, with the first examples delivered to the Italian and Brazilian air forces in 1989. Since then, some 200 AMXs have been built.
Italian AMX squadrons flew 252 combat sorties over Kosovo as part of Operation Allied Force, without a single loss.
May 1984, the first prototype made its test flight. The AMX for Italy began to be deployed in 1988, and 1989 in Brasil. The whole porduction is about 266 AMXs, Italy has 187 of them and Brasil 79.
The main difference between the AMX in two countries is the weapon and electronic system.
The AMX got a sweepback high positioned wing and normal tail wing. The engine is one Rolls Roys Spey MK.807 non afterburn turbofan engine, thrust 49.1KN. The wing can carry a 1000l fuel tank in the inside pylon and a 500l tank in the outside pylon. The AMX can be airborne refueled.
The Rolls-Royce Spey (company designations RB.163 and RB.168) is a low-bypass turbofan engine originally designed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce that has been in widespread service for over 40 years. Intended for the civilian jet airliner market when it was being designed in the late 1950s, the Spey concept was also used in various military engines, and later as a turboshaft engine for ships known as the Marine Spey, and even as the basis for a new civilian line, the Rolls-Royce Tay. A licensed version built by the Chinese is known as the WS-9 Qin Ling. Aviation versions of the "base model" have accumulated over 50 million hours of flight time. In keeping with Rolls-Royce naming practices, the engine is named after the River Spey.
The core of the electronic equipments is the MIL-1553B Bus, includes EM-M-200B radar, the weapon aimming system based on the Lipton computer, payload management system, HUD, multi-function display, weapon and navigation display, electronic countermeasure system, atmosphere data computer, navigation system and IFF equipment. Since some of them is only used by NATO airforces, the detail of the systems of AMX in the two countries appeared.
The fuselage has a dual pylon. And two 1000 pound pylon is on the inside of the main wing, two 500 pound pylon is on the outside. The wingtip can carry a AIM-9 air-to-air missle. The AMX can carry kinds of air-to-ground missle, anti-radar missle, anti-ship missle, laser guided bomb and rocket. The reconnaissance pod. The Italian type has a M61A1 20mm gun, the Brasilian has a DEFA554 30mm gun.
Embraer is upgrading the last of 50 Brazilian Air Force Northrop F-5E fighters to the M standard by integrating new avionics and the capability to launch Rafael’s Derby beyond-visual-range missiles. It has also started to upgrade 50 A-1 Falcao jets, the local version of the AMX ground attack light jet, with an avionics package optimized for precision air-to-ground weaponry.
Wing span 8.87m
Empty weight 6700kg
Maxium speed M0.8