当前位置:主页 > 俄罗斯 > 正文

苏联“花尾鸽”反舰导弹地效艇

2015-07-19 14:40 编辑:空军世界 点击:
  • 扫描到手持设备
  • 字号:
核心提示: 苏联“花尾鸽”地效艇,是一种反舰导弹地效飞行器发射平台,总设计师V.Kirillovykh。在该飞行器的机背上,装有三套KT-152二联装3M80或3M80M“白蛉”(北约称SS-N-22“Sunburn”)超音速反舰导发射装置。机长73.8米

1986年7月16日(一说1987年),Lun(俄文意为花尾鸽,工程代号“项目903”)在伏尔加河畔下水。“花尾鸽”是一种反舰导弹地效飞行器发射平台,总设计师V.Kirillovykh。在Lun的机背上,装有三套KT-152二联装3M80或3M80M“白蛉”(北约称SS-N-22“Sunburn”)超音速反舰导发射装置。机长73.8米(242英尺),翼展44米(144英尺4英寸),起飞重量400吨(882,000磅)。

“花尾鸽”在机首装有8台NK-87涡扇发动机,单台推力13,000公斤。“花尾鸽”在排水状态时,航行速度为20-100公里/小时,航程400公里;巡航飞行高度1-5米,在3米左右高度巡航时,速度为450-550公里/小时,航程3,000公里,最大飞行高度7,500米。起降时最大允许浪高2.5-3.5米。

遗憾的是,虽然有这么强大的攻击力和独特性能,第一架“花尾鸽”却始终没有服役,原因到目前为止对外界仍是个谜。

第二架“花尾鸽”也是一架导弹攻击地效飞行器,但在1989年“共青团员号”失事后,正在建造中的它被修改设计,最后成了一艘搜索救援地效飞行器,代号“救星”。它装有8台发动机,执行搜索任务时典型飞行高度500米,最高3,000米。机组9人,另可载19名救援人员和150名伤员(含70副担架)。该机最后没有完成建造。
 

During the year 1987, Russia was pushing their boundaries on technology and military advancement. What they were building and testing during that time actually prompted the United States, Area 51 in fact, to build unmanned drones to spy on their actions. This plan of action was brought about when images were taken of a giant vessel flying across the Caspian Sea at unheard of speeds. The US military wasn’t sure what they were looking at. A vessel that could reach speeds achieved only by airplanes but stayed low enough that it would hide under radar much like a stealthy boat. The spying revealed what the Russian’s dubbed the Lun Class Ekranoplan. Not quite an airplane and not quite a ship, the Ekranoplan was something much more and it terrified Navies around the world. It weighs in at a whopping 380 tons and has a wingspan of 148 feet. It contained 6 anti-ship missiles that could be launched from flight or from a stand still. The Lun Class Ekranoplan could only reach an altitude of about 15 feet above the sea so it was more of a harrier styled ship than a plane. This incredible piece of machinery is in a class all its own.   Source 俄罗斯反舰导弹地效艇 The shape of the hull underneath the Ekranoplan allowed it to fly just above the ocean’s surface. The hull is similar to that of an ocean speed boat capable of cutting through large waves at a very high speed. The Ekranoplan was capable of speeds upwards of 300 mph at an altitude of roughly 4-15 feet above the water below. Because of the wing shape, a cushion of air is created between the ship and the ocean surface. This allows for an incredible top speed for such a large vessel. The Lun Class Ekranoplan was designed by Rostislav Evgenievich Alexeyev to dominate the high seas completely undetected by radar and carrying a payload of firepower that could destroy any ship on the sea. It was equipped with 8 enormous jet engines with adjustable nozzles capable of 28,000 pounds of thrust each. That equals out to be 224,000 pounds of thrust that would propel the Ekranoplan within a 1,200 – 2,000 mile range. It was able to support a full crew for 5 days without resupplying. Although it was never tested, the vessel is said to be able to transport 900 soldiers if needed as well. The jet nozzles are adjustable much like that of a harrier jet. They help control the lift and the speed of the Ekranoplan. With 4 on each side, there is no lack of power here making it the fastest sea vessel of its time. This incredible feat of engineering genius was docked in the late 90’s where it sits in a guarded Russian harbor. The Lun Class Ekranoplan has no landing gear making it a sea vessel only. It requires a special dock to store it. The dock submerges underneath the vessel and lifts it up onto shore. It has been stored here since the late 90’s with no plans to undergo a renovation. It does receive some maintenance, however the weather is slowly deteriorating the beautiful work of art. The underside of the hull is shaped like that of a speed boat. It is made to cut through huge waves at a very high speed and remain stable. It can take off and land in seas with 6-12 foot waves. Looking at the underside of the vessel is looking at a thing of beauty. The bolt and crisp lines are 100 percent for function but they make a statement on their own. They also create a cushion of air when the machine is fully up to speed. This cushion allows the vessel to travel much faster than a boat or a plane of its size. This also allows for a much heavier payload. Due to these factors, the Ekranoplan was fitted with 6 enormous missile launchers mounted on top. Flying at a maximum of 15 feet above the surface of the water, it keeps it underneath any radar systems making the Lun Class Ekranoplan very stealthy. The whole underside of the vessel is fitted with these electro-chemical protection devices. They are often used in boat yards. They attract the corrosive chemicals and salts in the water to protect the hull from deteriorating. The hull is equipped with a hydro-ski. This functions by cutting through severe waves allowing the massive vessel to take off or land in waves at roughly 15 feet tall or less. The entire Lun Class Ekroplan is filled with some very high-tech tracking equipment and guidance systems. There were two gunners in the ship and this would have been one of their operating stations. The missile housings are seriously massive! Below the backside of them you will notice a darker colored contoured section. This is actually made out of the same tiles that are used on space shuttles in order to protect the hull and the mechanical parts from the blistering heat produced by the rockets when they are launched. It houses 6 Moskit anti-ship missiles that it can launch while airborne. They can fly at speeds up to Mach 3 and be launched from below radar detection systems. The missiles have a range of 75 miles. Because of the firepower and speeds capable by such a stealthy vessel, it was a force to be reckoned with and feared so much that Area 51 actually had a team devoted to keeping tabs on the Ekranoplan. The Lun Class Ekranoplan is currently located in Kaspiysk, in the Republic Of Dagestan. The vessel would have housed 7 officers and 4 midshipmen who could sustain themselves while being undetected for up to 5 days without resupply.
  • 共5页:
  • 上一页
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 下一页
  • 热门点击

    更多>>